Environmental Protection Commissioner Cas Holloway announced on Tuesday the completion of a $20 million environmental restoration of the northern portion of Alley Pond Park in Bayside.
The project, which restored wetlands and reintroduced local plant life to a 16-acre section of the park, is part of an overall effort to reduce combined sewer overflows into Alley Creek and Little Neck Bay.
The new plantings and remediated wetlands will help absorb stormwater runoff, reducing the amount of water that can enter and overwhelm the sewer system during heavy rain. In addition to the environmental restoration, a CSO-retention facility in Alley Creek that can hold up to five million gallons of stormwater and wastewateris currently under construction and is scheduled to be operational by the end of the year.
The restoration project, started in spring 2009, will also improve the overall ecology and water quality of Alley Creek as the restored wetlands will oxygenate the water and attract new animal species.
“Not only will this environmental restoration help reduce combined sewer overflows in the area, but it is well on the way to becoming a beautiful open space for the community to enjoy in the future,” Holloway said.
The restoration project included the construction of eight acres of tidal wetlands, and eight acres of adjacent coastal grassland and shrubland habitat. Prior to the restoration, the area was dominated by invasive plants that prevented native plants and animals from growing and reproducing.
The restoration required the removal of approximately 7,500 cubic yards of construction debris, which was excavated to restore historic tidal flow conditions to a former tributary of Alley Creek.
In order to achieve the proper elevation to support the tidal marsh, 8,200 cubic yards of sand were placed to restore the wetland and 320,000 two-inch smooth cordgrass plugs were planted. An additional 7,100 cubic yards of topsoil was placed and then seeded with a combination of meadow grasses and wildflowers. After the seeding was completed, nearly 2,000 trees and shrubs were planted.
While not part of the original design, a small freshwater spring was uncovered during the restoration and a freshwater planting mix was incorporated into the design to further increase the biodiversity of native plant and animal habitat. The restored parkland also supports habitat for horseshoe crabs, wading shorebirds, egrets fishing in the marsh grasses and ospreys.
The southern portion of the project took into account the community’s request to re-plant trees because residents wanted to block the view of the expressway. Over 450 trees made up of 15 different native species were planted this past spring. The restoration is in a maintenance phase and will take about two years to be open to the public.
In conjunction with this project, DEP is removing and replacing a boardwalk located along an existing trail within the Alley Pond Environmental Center. This work will be completed by next summer. DEP also reconstructed the observation deck and walkway located along the west bank of Alley Creek, approximately 500 feet south of Northern Boulevard. The work provides for a view of an inter-tidal wetland setting and an opportunity to observe wildlife.
The Alley Creek CSO-retention facility will store and capture combined stormwater and wastewater that previously was discharged into Alley Creek and Little Neck Bay during heavy rainfall. This will lead to increased dissolved oxygen concentrations, decreased contaminant levels, and fewer plastic bottles and other litter discharged into the creek and bay. The CSO-retention facility will reduce the overall volume of CSOs discharged to Alley Creek from approximately 246 million gallons per year to 112 million gallons per year.
New Yorkers produce, and DEP treats, more than 1.3 billion gallons of wastewater every day.